Crime continues to fall in Scotland
Most adults in Scotland experienced no crime in 2014/15 and both the overall number of crimes and the risk of being a victim of crime have continued the decreasing trend seen in recent years according to new figures.
Scotland’s chief statistician today released the Scottish Crime and Justice Survey (SCJS) 2014-15: Main Findings.
The Extent & Risk of Crime
The estimated number of crimes in 2014/15 (688,000) has fallen by around a sixth (16 per cent) since the 815,000 crimes estimated in 2012/13, and, by around a third (34 per cent) since the 1,045,000 crimes estimated in 2008/09.
Almost three-quarters of crime (73 per cent) was property crime, comprising vandalism (26 per cent), other household theft (including bicycle theft) (23 per cent), personal theft (excluding robbery (15 per cent)), motor vehicle theft related incidents (6 per cent) and housebreaking (3 per cent).
Just over a quarter of crime was violent crime (27 per cent), comprising minor assault with no / negligible injury (17 per cent), minor assault with injury (4 per cent), attempted assault (4 per cent), serious assault (1 per cent) and robbery (1 per cent).
Most adults (85.5 per cent) experienced no crime in 2014/15. The SCJS estimates that around one in seven adults were the victim of crime in 2014/15 (14.5 per cent), compared to around one in six adults in 2012/13 (16.9 per cent), and one in five adults in 2008/09 (20.4 per cent). In 2014/15, 13.0 per cent of adults were estimated to have been a victim of property crime and 2.6 per cent of adults a victim of violent crime.
Around one-in-ten adults experienced one crime in 2014/15, while 4.4 per cent of adults were the victim of multiple crimes, experiencing almost three fifths of all SCJS crime (58 per cent). 3.5 per cent of adults were repeat victims of property crime, while 0.8 per cent of adults were repeat victims of violent crime. Of those who were repeat victims of violent crime, most were repeat victims of minor assault (79 per cent).
The risk of being a victim of any crime was higher for adults living in the 15 per cent most deprived areas (21.2 per cent), compared to elsewhere in Scotland (13.4 per cent). Between 2008/09 and 2014/15, the risk of crime fell in the most deprived areas from 26.0 per cent to 21.2 per cent, while elsewhere the risk fell from 19.4 per cent to 13.4 per cent. Between 2012/13 and 2014/15, the risk of crime was unchanged in the most deprived areas while elsewhere the risk fell from 16.1 per cent to 13.4 per cent.
Public Perceptions of Crime and the Police
Three quarters of respondents thought that the local crime rate had stayed the same or reduced (75 per cent), unchanged from 2012/13, but up from 65 per cent in 2006. Almost three-quarters also said they felt very or fairly safe walking alone in their neighbourhood after dark (74 per cent), up from 66 per cent in 2008/09.
The majority of adults said that the police were doing a good or excellent job in their local area, however this had decreased from 61 per cent in 2012/13 to 58 per cent in 2014/15.
The majority of adults were also very or fairly confident in their local police force across the six measures of confidence asked about in this survey, and since 2008/09, there have been increases in confidence across all six measures. Since 2012/13, there has been no change in confidence in the police to prevent crime or catch criminals, and small, but statistically significant, decreases in confidence in the police to investigate incidents, deal with incidents, respond quickly and solve crimes.
Those who did not experience crime and those living in less deprived areas were more confident in the police, and more likely to say the police were doing a good or excellent job, than victims and those living in the most deprived areas. Views on policing also varied across police divisions. The figures released today were produced in accordance with professional standards set out in the Code of Practice for Official Statistics.