Thursday 18 October 2012
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NEW STATUTORY AGGRAVATION OF HUMAN TRAFFICKING
A new statutory aggravation is to be introduced to make the perpetrators of human trafficking easier to prosecute, the Scottish Government has announced.
The move is one of a series of measures agreed at a summit on human trafficking, hosted by Justice Secretary Kenny MacAskill.
Other actions agreed at the summit include raising awareness and improving training among frontline professionals, putting measures in place to improve care and support for adult and child victims and putting in place steps to ensure robust data collection and analysis.
The summit, taking place on European anti-slavery day, brought together senior representatives of organisations that have a clear role in tackling trafficking and supporting victims of trafficking, including representatives from the UK Government and Northern Ireland Executive.
Those attending included the chief constable of the new Police Service of Scotland Stephen House, the Advocate General for Scotland, Lord Wallace of Tankerness, Scotland’s Commissioner for Children and Young People Tam Baillie as well as representatives from the Crown Office, COSLA, Migrant Help, Trafficking Awareness Raising Alliance (TARA), the Equality and Human Rights Commission, Scottish Chambers of Commerce, Scottish Trades Union Congress and the UK Human Trafficking Centre.
The summit coincides with the publication of the Inter-departmental Ministerial Group Report on Trafficking, which provides an assessment of human trafficking in the UK and the UK’s response towards combating the crime.
The report shows that in 2011, 93 potential victims of trafficking were referred to the National Referral Mechanism (NRM), a multi-agency framework which allows a variety of agencies to contribute towards identifying, protecting and supporting potential trafficking victims.
Although the source countries can vary, in 2011, the majority of victims of trafficking recovered in Scotland came from Romania, the Czech Republic and Slovakia.
The report also provides a response to the recommendations in various anti-trafficking reports and highlights areas to focus on to improve its approach.
At the summit, it was agreed that a statutory human trafficking criminal aggravation will be introduced, which will mean that existing criminal offences will be able to be ‘aggravated’ in future if it can be proved that the underlying offence was committed in connection with human trafficking.
The Scottish Government has also published commissioned research on the care and support needs of victims of human trafficking.
Mr MacAskill said: “This summit today has given us the opportunity to bring together all the organisations with a clear role in enforcing the law, raising awareness with frontline staff or delivering care and support to victims. I am very pleased that so many different organisations have come together to come up with a range of actions we can take to continue the fight against this abhorrent crime.
“We want to send out the message that Scotland is closed for business to traffickers. We will do everything in our power to crack down on those who exploit people for forced labour, sex or domestic servitude and making trafficking easier to prosecute will give our law enforcement agencies a powerful new tool in their armoury.”
Lord Advocate Frank Mulholland QC added: “The Crown is working with law enforcement to combat the scourge of human trafficking. Trafficking in human beings, often for sexual exploitation, is akin to slavery. This is why we have developed specialist prosecutors in this area who stand ready to deal with such cases robustly whilst dealing with the victims sensitively.”